Table of contents

Museum Haus Dix

In the Footsteps of an Artist Family

At the Museum Haus Dix visitors can experience the everyday life of an artist family in the postwar period. Here, in the former studio and residential house overlooking Lake Constance lived the artist Otto Dix, together with his wife, Martha, and their three children from 1936 until his death, in 1969. A media guide leads visitors through the rooms with their histories, which remain fascinating today. The idyllic garden with its several terraces and the museum café invite you to linger.

From Dresden to Lake Constance

Born in Untermhaus (now a district of Gera), Otto Dix is considered one of the most important artists of the twentieth century and became a leading exponent of the New Objectivity in the 1920s. When the National Socialists came to power, in 1933, his work was denounced as degenerate. Dix also had to give up his professorship at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts. But leaving the country was out of the question for him: “How could you emigrate when you have a stable full of pictures here? The Nazis would have come and confiscated everything. That would have been simply unacceptable!”

Instead, the family relocated to Randegg in 1933. In 1936 they moved into their newly built house in Hemmenhofen—in close proximity to the neutral Swiss shore. This break in Dix's life also had an impact on his artistic work. While his art had previously been characterized by subjects such as war and the metropolis, Dix increasingly devoted himself to the landscape around Lake Constance in his works.

A beautiful paradise. Beautiful enough to make you puke. I’m standing in front of the landscape like a cow.”
Otto Dix

The Residence

Thanks to an inheritance, Martha Dix was able to acquire the property in what was even then a prime location. The spacious house was designed by the Dresden architect Arnulf Schelcher. Its characteristic features include the studio window on the east side, the wrap-around balcony, and numerous windows overlooking the lake.

The interior of the house is divided into three stories: the kitchen along with the living, dining, and music rooms are located on the ground floor. Otto Dix's studio and Martha Dix's salon are found on the second floor, and on the third floor are the rooms that belonged to the couple's children, Nelly (1923–1955), Ursus (1927–2002), and Jan Dix (1928–2019).

During guided tours visitors can also view the basement; its walls were painted by Dix and a few of his guests during a carnival party in 1966. The motifs show figures from the Alemannic carnival, or “Fastnacht, but also caricatures of friends and famous people. The wall paintings were long hidden behind bookshelves and first rediscovered in the course of extensive restoration work done in December 2012.

The Museum Haus Dix Concept

For the renovation of the house in accordance with monument-preservation specifications, a special type of reconstruction was developed that both recreates this historical site and brings the history of the era and its art to life. Paintings and graphics are presented in annually changing exhibitions. Reproductions on the walls stand in for works that once hung in the family’s living area and are now scattered around the world in museums and private collections. To convey the temporal distance from the present, the images appear as if they had left an imprint on the wall.

A media guide accompanies visitors through the house and the garden. It provides information on works of art and Dix family life and recounts personal anecdotes from Jan Dix.

The house and garden were registered in the monument registry of the State of Baden-Württemberg in 2005. In 2010 the Otto-Dix-Haus Foundation had the ensemble restored in accordance with monument-preservation standards and equipped for museum operation. In 2013 the foundation transferred it to the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, which holds one of the world's leading collections of works by Dix.

Museum Haus Dix

Otto-Dix-Weg 6
78343 Gaienhofen-Hemmenhofen
+49 (0)7735 / 93 71 60
dix [at] kunstmuseum-stuttgart [dot] de (dix[at]kunstmuseum-stuttgart[dot]de)

Due to a road closure on Otto-Dix-Weg, the Museum Haus Dix is currently only accessible from one side. 

Opening Hours

Wed to Sun 10 am5 pm
Mon closed
Tue on request for groups

On 10/03/2024 (Day of German Unity) the museum is open from 10 am5 pm.

The season ends on 10/31/2024


6 € / 4 €
Children and young people (ages 6–14) 2 €
Family 12 €
Mettnau-Card 4 €
Bodensee Card West 5 €
On presentation Ticket Kunstmuseum Stuttgart 5 € / 4 €
Combi Ticket Hesse-Dix (Hesse Museum Gaienhofen / Museum Haus Dix) 9 € / 6 €
Free admission: ICOM, Deutscher Museumsbund, Förderverein Museum Haus Dix und Freundeskreis Kunstmuseum Stuttgart

On 09/08/2024 (Open Monument Day), admission to the Museum Haus Dix is free of charge. 

Tours (in German)

Every 2nd and 4th Sunday, 2 pm and 3.30 pm
€ 3 / € 2 (plus admission)
Reservation is requested via +49 (0)7735 / 93 71 60 or dix [at] kunstmuseum-stuttgart [dot] de.
The basement can only be visited with a guided tour.

On 09/08/2024 (Open Monument Day) there will be free guided tours at 11 am, 2 pm and 3:30 pm. 

On 10/03/2024 (Day of German Unity) there will be guided tours at 2 pm and 3:30 pm. 

Free Mediaguide

available at the ticket desk
also downloadable in the museum as app

Presentation 2024

Inner emigration? Otto Dix and the political landscape

The presentation focuses on the landscape paintings by Otto Dix created near Lake Constance, from which links are drawn to the Dix couple and their family life on the Höri as well as to the political circumstances.

From 1933 onwards, Dix's artistic work was directly influenced by the National Socialists' order to dismiss him from his professorship for painting at the Dresden Academy of Art and the ostracism of his work as degenerate art. His turn towards a special, political landscape painting is the subject of the presentation in Otto Dix's studio. The building of the family home in Hemmenhofen, made possible by an inheritance from Martha Dix, and her position as a builder in the mid-1930s are presented in the Salon Martha Dix.

The exhibition was curated by Dr. Ina Jessen, art historian and Otto Dix expert. It was realized in collaboration with Dierk Höhne, curator at the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart.