Table of contents

Museum Haus Dix

In the Footsteps of an Artist Family

At the Museum Haus Dix visitors can experience the everyday life of an artist family in the postwar period. Here, in the former studio and residential house overlooking Lake Constance lived the artist Otto Dix, together with his wife, Martha, and their three children from 1936 until his death, in 1969. A media guide leads visitors through the rooms with their histories, which remain fascinating today. The idyllic garden with its several terraces and the museum café invite you to linger.

From Dresden to Lake Constance

Born in Untermhaus (now a district of Gera), Otto Dix is considered one of the most important artists of the twentieth century and became a leading exponent of the New Objectivity in the 1920s. When the National Socialists came to power, in 1933, his work was denounced as degenerate. Dix also had to give up his professorship at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts. But leaving the country was out of the question for him: "How could you emigrate when you have a stable full of pictures here? The Nazis would have come and confiscated everything. That would have been simply unacceptable!"

Instead, the family relocated to Randegg in 1933. In 1936 they moved into their newly built house in Hemmenhofen—in close proximity to the neutral Swiss shore. This break in Dix's life also had an impact on his artistic work. While his art had previously been characterized by subjects such as war and the metropolis, Dix increasingly devoted himself to the landscape around Lake Constance in his works.

"A beautiful paradise. Beautiful enough to make you puke. I’m standing in front of the landscape like a cow."
Otto Dix

The Residence

Thanks to an inheritance, Martha Dix was able to acquire the property in what was even then a prime location. The spacious house was designed by the Dresden architect Arnulf Schelcher. Its characteristic features include the studio window on the east side, the wrap-around balcony, and numerous windows overlooking the lake.

The interior of the house is divided into three stories: the kitchen along with the living, dining, and music rooms are located on the ground floor. Otto Dix's studio and Martha Dix's salon are found on the second floor, and on the third floor are the rooms that belonged to the couple's children, Nelly (1923–1955), Ursus (1927–2002), and Jan Dix (1928–2019).

During guided tours visitors can also view the basement; its walls were painted by Dix and a few of his guests during a carnival party in 1966. The motifs show figures from the Alemannic carnival, or "Fastnacht," but also caricatures of friends and famous people. The wall paintings were long hidden behind bookshelves and first rediscovered in the course of extensive restoration work done in December 2012.

The Museum Haus Dix Concept

For the renovation of the house in accordance with monument-preservation specifications, a special type of reconstruction was developed that both recreates this historical site and brings the history of the era and its art to life. Paintings and graphics are presented in annually changing exhibitions. Reproductions on the walls stand in for works that once hung in the family’s living area and are now scattered around the world in museums and private collections. To convey the temporal distance from the present, the images appear as if they had left an imprint on the wall.

A media guide accompanies visitors through the house and the garden. It provides information on works of art and Dix family life and recounts personal anecdotes from Jan Dix.

The house and garden were registered in the monument registry of the State of Baden-Württemberg in 2005. In 2010 the Otto-Dix-Haus Foundation had the ensemble restored in accordance with monument-preservation standards and equipped for museum operation. In
2013 the foundation transferred it to the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart, which holds one of the world's leading collections of works by Dix.

Museum Haus Dix

Otto-Dix-Weg 6
78343 Gaienhofen-Hemmenhofen
+49 (0)7735 / 93 71 60
dix [at] kunstmuseum-stuttgart [dot] de

Opening Hours

Season April 1 – October 31, 2021
Tuesday to Sunday 11 am–6 pm
Monday closed

The museum café is open.

Currently, the museum visit is only possible with proof of complete vaccination, recovery or a negative Corona test (rapid antigen test not older than 24 hours). For children and pupils, it is sufficient to present the child's or pupil's ID card. A test is not necessary. Children under the age of six are also exempt from testing. The current Corona state regulation BW applies to this.
Please observe our distance and hygiene measures.

Admission

6 € / 4 €
Children and young people (ages 6–14) 2 €
Family 12 €
Bodensee Card West 5 €
On presentation Ticket Kunstmuseum Stuttgart 5 € / 4 €
Combi Ticket Hesse-Dix (Hesse Museum Gaienhofen / Museum Haus Dix) 9 € / 6 €

Tours (in German)

Every 2nd and 4th Sunday, 2 pm and 3.30 pm
€ 2.50 / € 1.50 (plus admission)
Reservation is requested via +49 (0)7735 / 93 71 60 or dix [at] kunstmuseum-stuttgart [dot] de.
The basement can only be visited with a guided tour.

Museum Haus Dix
Dix Family
The Dix family on the balcony of their house

© Andrea Dix, Öhningen

The Dix family on the balcony of their house
Museum Haus Dix
Otto Dix in front of his house in Hemmenhofen
Otto Dix in front of his house in Hemmenhofen, 1961

Photo: Hannes Kilian, © Haus der Geschichte Baden-Württemberg, Sammlung Kilian

Otto Dix in front of his house in Hemmenhofen, 1961
Museum Haus Dix Garden
Studio Otto Dix
Otto Dix's studio

Photo: die arge lola, © Kunstmuseum Stuttgart

Otto Dix's studio
Dining Room 1940s Museum Haus Dix
Dining room in the 1940s, with Otto Dix's “Triumph of Death” (1934)

© Andrea Dix, Öhningen / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021

Dining room in the 1940s, with Otto Dix's “Triumph of Death” (1934)
Dining room Museum Haus Dix
Dining room, with reproduction of Otto Dix's “Triumph of Death” (1934)

Photo: die arge lola, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021

Dining room, with reproduction of Otto Dix's “Triumph of Death” (1934)
Nelly Dix room
Nelly Dix's room, with bed painted by herself (1940)

Photo: die arge lola, © Kunstmuseum Stuttgart

Nelly Dix's room, with bed painted by herself (1940)
Wall paintings basement Museum Haus Dix
Wall paintings in the basement of the house

Photo: Frank Kleinbach, © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021

Wall paintings in the basement of the house

All Too Human: Otto Dix and the Portrait

April 1 – October 31, 2021

The depiction of people was of central importance to Otto Dix (1891–1969) throughout his life. Even when he clearly turned to the subject of landscape in 1933 in response to his move to Lake Constance, his fascination with the human subject remained undiminished.

This year’s presentation features a small selection of paintings and graphics from the collection holdings of the Kunstmuseum Stuttgart. The works derive from different creative phases and thus exhibit a variety of styles characteristic of Dix’s oeuvre. These range from his New Objectivity portraits and Old Master representations of the 1920s and 1930s to the artist’s late works, which display an expressive manner of rendering. The motifs also offer insight into the artist’s versatile approaches to the human figure. Included are self-portraits, portraits of children, socially critical milieu studies, allegories, and personifications—often integrated into landscape depictions—as well as the thematic area of Eros and love, which was as central for Dix as it was complex.

  • Graphic Otto Dix
    Otto Dix, Matrose und Mädchen, 1923

    © VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2021

    Otto Dix, Matrose und Mädchen, 1923

Covid-19

Currently, museum visits are possible without proof of full vaccination, recovery or a negative corona test. Please observe our distance and hygiene measures:

To ensure a safe visit to the exhibition during the Corona pandemic,

  • visitors and museum staff wear an FFP2 mask (cf. KN95 or other equivalent masks, but not with exhalation valve) or a medical mask correctly over mouth and nose.
  • your contact details will be collected at the museum ticket office for the purpose of tracing SARS-CoV-2 infections.
  • we ask visitors to keep the required distance of at least 1.5 metres from other visitors and staff.
  • everyone should show consideration for each other by waiting until the area in front of narrow passages or stairs is clear.
  • visitors are reminded that no liquids of any kind - including hand disinfectants - are permitted in the collection and exhibition rooms. (More on this in our house rules).
  • stay at home if you do not feel well.